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Energy Security Forum


Energy security entails a wide array of political, economic, social, environmental, and trade-related factors. The CGAI’s Energy Security Forum highlights the multi-faceted and ever-changing landscape of energy security in Canada. This forum is a space for CGAI fellows, staff, and other commentators to discuss the increasingly salient and timely issue of global energy security.

Table of Contents

CGAI Papers

2021 CGAI Papers

2020 CGAI Papers

2019 CGAI Papers

2017 CGAI Papers


2021 Podcasts

Hydrogen for Industrial Decarbonization
October 14, 2021

An Opportunity for Canadian LNG
October 7, 2021

American Oil Geopolitics in Transition
September 29, 2021

European Natural Gas Geopolitics
September 23, 2021

A Global LNG Shortage
September 16, 2021

The Conservative Energy Platform
September 9, 2021

The Energy Security Challenges of Transition in New Zealand
September 2, 2021

LNG and Asia's Energy Security
August 26, 2021

"Greenwishing" and the Rising Cost of European Energy
August 19, 2021

China's Head Start on Critical Minerals
August 12, 2021

The Road to Electric Vehicles in Canada
August 5, 2021

Toward a North American Critical Minerals Supply Chain
July 29, 2021

Russia's Energy Expansion - East, West, and North
July 22, 2021

Iran - Sanctions, Secrecy, and Security for an OPEC+ Key Player
July 15, 2021

Energy Stability, Saudi Arabia, and the Circular Carbon Economy
July 8, 2021

Western ESG and OPEC+ Opportunity
June 29, 2021

Climate Litigation - Climate over Security?
June 24, 2021

Natural Gas and North American Energy Security
June 22, 2021

Repatriating Battery Supply Chains through Recycling
June 17, 2021

Trading for Energy Security - A Canada/U.S. Partnership
June 15, 2021

The Role of Renewables in Energy Security
June 10, 2021

Critical Infrastructures and Energy Systems in the United States
June 8, 2021

From ESG to EESG
June 3, 2021

Shifting Energy Supply & Policy Messaging
May 27, 2021

The Colonial Pipeline and Cyber Energy Security
May 21, 2021

Carbon Capture in Canada
May 20, 2021

Balancing Climate Action & Energy Needs
May 13, 2021

Hydrogen 101
April 29, 2021

Canadian Natural Gas: More than Just Heat
April 15, 2021

The Multiplicity of Energy Security
April 1, 2021

Line 5 and the North American Energy Partnership
March 18, 2021

Sustainable Development and Canada’s Energy Security
March 4, 2021

Texas’ Energy Security Crisis
February 19, 2021

Canadian Uranium
February 18, 2021

Nuclear Energy and Canada’s Foreign Policy
February 4, 2021

January 26, 2021

Nuclear Energy and Its Challenges
January 21, 2021

Nuclear Efficiencies
January 7, 2021


2020 Podcasts

2019 Podcasts

2018 Podcasts

2017 Podcasts


2021 Commentaries

So many questions remain on Liberal and Conservative climate plans by Dennis McConaghy, Calgary Herald, September 14, 2021

A darkening threat horizon with a green silver lining in 2021 by Robert Muggah, Paris Peace Forum, August 24, 2021

How Canada should deal with Russia in the Arctic by Kari Roberts and Nick Nanos, iPolitics, August 23, 2021

The urgency to act on climate change is surging in Canada by Monica Gattinger and Nick Nanos, Maclean’s, August 18, 2021

Biden and Trudeau are Putin and Xi’s useful energy idiots by Ron Wallace, Financial Post, August 11, 2021

Ottawa will need to step up to ensure Canada maintains its seat at the North American automotive table by Brian Kingston, Financial Post, August 11, 2021

A hotter world will be a more violent world. Here’s why by Mac Margolis and Robert Muggah, Thomson Reuters Foundation, August 11, 2021

More than window dressings, new U.S., Canada ‘business advisories’ on human rights issues put companies on notice by Lawrence Herman, The Globe and Mail, August 4, 2021

Common Ground: Why Russia and Canada Should Cooperate in the Arctic by Andrea Charron, Carnegie Moscow Center, July 26, 2021

The Real-Life Risks of Our Digital World by Robert Muggah, Foreign Policy, July 10, 2021

This fall’s ballot question: What does your climate policy cost? by Jack Mintz, Financial Post, July 2, 2021

It’ll take a supercharged national effort to get Canadians driving EV by Clara Clairman and Brian Kingston, National Observer, June 30, 2021

Canada’s climate plan charts hard road ahead for high-polluting oil sands by Rod Nickel and Nia Williams (feat. Kevin Birn), Reuters, June 22, 2021

EV/AV Report by Collision Repair Mag (feat. Brian Kingston), Collision Repair Mag, June 18, 2021

Net zero global emissions by 2050? The IEA’s outlook is unrealistic by Ellen Wald, The Hill, May 27, 2021

Suez accident: Japanese shippers look for new ways to Europe by Julian Ryall (feat. Stephen Nagy), Deutsche Welle, May 19, 2021

Canada’s oil sector recovery to lag behind price surge by Nelson Bennett (feat. Kevin Birn), Business in Vancouver, May 18, 2021

Canadian oilpatch ‘confident’ IEA will alter dire warning on oil and gas once emissions tech gains ground by Gabriel Friedman (feat. Kevin Birn), Financial Post, May 18, 2021

Impacts of cyberattack on U.S. pipeline company a ‘wake-up call’ for everyone, says national pipeline association by Jeff Labine (feat. Tom Keenan), Edmonton Journal, May 17, 2021

Biden should step up for Canada on Line 5 by Lawrence Herman, The Globe and Mail, May 13, 2021

Canada must act fast to benefit from America’s shift to electric cars by Brian Kingston and David Adams, iPolitics, May 12, 2021

The sense of urgency around climate change is trending up by Monica Gattinger and Nik Nanos, Maclean’s, April 8, 2021

The future is climate security by Andrew Pickford and Roger Hilton, New Europe, March 19, 2021

How a GHG ruling could affect import tax by Lawrence Herman, The Globe and Mail, March 17, 2021

On Energy, Roadmap For a Renewed Canada-U.S. Partnership Is Incomplete by Monica Gattinger, Daily Oil Bulletin, March 15, 2021

Biden broke the Keystone permit, now Trudeau should insist he pay for it by Dennis McConnaghy, Calgary Herald, March 12, 2021

How is Nuclear Energy Like Immigration and Free Trade? by John Stewart, Max Bell School of Public Policy, March 1, 2021

In West Africa, Climate Change Equals Conflictby Robert Muggah, Foreign Policy, February 18, 2021

Ready to Respond: The Electricity Sector and Evolving Cyber Threats by Leah Michalopulos, January 19, 2021


Media Links

2021 Media Links

Railroad venture boosts number of oil trains in Minnesota by Mike Hughlett (feat. Kevin Birn), Star Tribune, October 17, 2021

Canadian government joins Line 5 battle, Line 3 starts shipments, TC Energy sues by Gary Park (feat. Lawrence Herman), Petroleum News, October 15, 2021

A new ‘Buy American’ plan is alarming the auto sector – and the federal government by Alexander Panetta (feat. Brian Kingston), CBC News, October 15, 2021

How Vladimir Putin became the most important man in global energy markets by Yadullah Hussain (feat. Ellen Wald), Financial Post, October 13, 2021

Allowing Rocking Mountain coal lease transfers during debate sends wrong signal: environmental group by Bob Weber (feat. Ron Wallace), CBC News, October 8, 2021

Canada invokes 1977 treaty with US as dispute over pipeline intensifies by Leyland Cecco (feat. Lawrence Herman), The Guardian, October 6, 2021

High Oil Prices but Slow Growth in Canada’s Energy Sector by Lee Harding (feat. Kevin Birn), The Epoch Times, October 6, 2021

OPEC+ seems ‘firmly committed‘ to sticking with plan for gradual output hike, says consulting firm by Crude Realities (feat. Ellen Wald), CNBC, October 5, 2021

Global energy shortage looms as investment in fossil fuels slices by Ryosuke Hanafusa and Hidemitsu Kibe (feat. Ellen Wald), Nikkei Asia, September 21, 2021

Alberta rides fiscal wave by Gary Park (feat. Kevin Birn), Petroleum News, September 20, 2021

Coal committee hears Albertans want overall policy on Rocky Mountain development

by Bob Weber (feat. Ron Wallace), CBC News, September 3, 2021

After surviving another legal challenge, Line 3 closes in on reality

by Chris Varcoe (feat. Kevin Birn), Calgary Herald, August 28, 2021

CVMA says EV policies needed to benefit from shift to electric by Canadian auto dealer (feat. Brian Kingston), Canadian auto dealer, August 13, 2021

Alberta oil production 86.2% higher than it was in 2010 by CBC News (feat. Kevin Birn), CBC News, August 11, 2021

Big Oil has big problems despite rising profits by Ben German (feat. Ellen Wald), Axios, August 4, 2021

TC Energy to switch to green power to run N. American energy pipelines by Nia Williams (feat. Kevin Birn), Reuters, July 29, 2021

Joe Biden’s tougher Buy American rules raise fears among Canadian business owners by Adrian Morrow (feat. Mark Agnew), The Globe and Mail, July 28, 2021

The Road to 100% zero-emission vehicles by 2035 by Larysa Harapyn (feat. Brian Kingston), Financial Post, July 20, 2021

Canada’s zero-emission vehicle goals parked for now by John Woodside (feat. Brian Kingston), Toronto Star, July 15, 2021

Metro Vancouver saw 15 times more heat wave deaths than estimated during unprecedented alert by Penny Daflos (feat. Heidi Tworek), CTV News, July 14, 2021

Feds’ 2035 green cars promise leaves unanswered questions, say auto associations by Peter Mazereeuw (feat. Brian Kingston), The Hill Times, July 12, 2021

A ‘long and expensive’ challenge: Alberta to join TC Energy’s $15B NAFTA claim over Keystone XL rejection by Geoffrey Morgan (feat. Lawrence Herman), Kingston This Week, July 9, 2021

New Brunswickers can now receive up to $10,000 in EV rebates by Greg Layson (feat. Brian Kingston), Automotive News Canada, July 8, 2021

Trump is long gone, but trade frictions remain for U.S. and Canada by David J. Lynch (feat. Eric Miller and Roy Norton), The Washington Post, July 7, 2021

A ‘long and expensive’ challenge: Alberta to join TC Energy’s $15B NAFTA claim over Keystone XL rejection by Geoffrey Morgan (feat. Lawrence Herman), Financial Post, July 7, 2021

After scuttling Keystone XL, Biden won’t oppose Russian gas pipeline by Gary Park (feat. Lawrence Herman), Petroleum News, July 1, 2021

Behold the rise and rise of the UAE by Jonathan Gorvett (feat. Thomas Juneau), Asia Times, June 27, 2021

Canada’s crude oil production going gangbusters by The Canadian Press (feat. Kevin Birn), National Observer, June 15, 2021

Greater pricing power to help Canadian exporters withstand loonie surge by Fergal Smith (feat. Brian Kingston), Financial Post, June 11, 2021

U.S. lawmarkers planning economic battle with China have some questions – about Canada by Alexander Panetta (feat. Eric Miller), CBC News, June 11, 2021

Keystone XL is dead, but the inconvenient truth is pipelines are still needed by Chris Varcoe (feat. Kevin Birn), Calgary Herald, June 11, 2021

Keystone XL is cancelled – so now what? by Tony Seskus (feat. Dennis McConnaghy), CBC News, June 10, 2021

Embattled Keystone XL pipeline continues to divide experts – even post-mortem by The Canadian Press (feat. Dennis McConnaghy), 570 News, June 10, 2021

Iran : à Vienne, nouveau cycle de négociations autour du nucléaire sur fond de présidentielle Iran: In Vienna, a new round of negotiations on nuclear with presidential elections in the background par/by Nicolas Falez (avec/feat. Thomas Juneau), Rfi, June 7, 2021

How will scope three emissions work in practice? by Peter Ramsay (feat. Kevin Birn), Transition Economist, June 7, 2021

Installed Keystone XL pipe will remain underground, for now by Kyle Bakx (feat. Dennis McConaghy), CBC News, June 3, 2021

Head of coal-mining panel says Albertans’ trust in resource regulators to be examined by Bob Weber (feat. Ron Wallace), CBC News, May 31, 2021

Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer Threatens Shutdown of Great Lakes Oil Pipeline by Leslie Eastman (feat. Lawrence Herman), Legal Insurrection, May 13, 2021

Enbridge will continue operating Line 5 until a court stops them by Tyson Fedor (feat. Kevin Birn), CTV News, May 12, 2021

Colonial Pipeline Cyberattack Exposes Vulnerabilities in Critical Infrastructure by Omid Ghoreishi (feat. Tom Keenan), Epoch Times, May 12, 2021

Michigan orders closure of pipeline in escalating dispute with Canada by Leyland Cecco (feat. Lawrence Herman), The Guardian, May 11, 2021

Is nuclear energy like immigration and free trade? by Markham Hislop (feat. John Stewart), Energi Media, May 11, 2021

Battle over pipelines never seem to end as Line 5 deadline looms by Chris Varcoe (feat. Kevin Birn), The Calgary Herald, May 8, 2021

Cross-border impasse over Line 5 pipeline much more than mere political and environmental squabble by John Ibbitson (feat. Roy Norton), The Globe and Mail, May 6, 2021

What’s in a name change? Plenty for Canada’s drillers and cattle sector by Chris Varcoe (feat. Fawn Jackson), Calgary Herald, March 31 2021

Alberta announces committee to consult public on future coal mining policy by Charles Rusnell (feat. Ron Wallace), CBC News, March 29, 2021

U.S. lawsuit means Keystone XL pipeline still has a pulse – a faint one by Chris Varcoe (feat. Dennis McConaghy), Calgary Herald, March 19, 2021

Canada has ‘right ingredients’ to be a EV world leader by Larysa Harapyn (feat. Brian Kingston), Financial Post, March 16, 2021

Canada ready to do battle over future of Line 5, citing energy security threat by Gary Park (feat. Lawrence Herman), Petroleum News, March 14, 2021

Texas deep freeze the latest jolt as volatile oil markets markets recover from 2020 by Tony Seskus (feat. Kevin Birn), CBC News, February 20, 2021

Imperial, Suncor make contingency plans despite ‘low probability’ of Line 5 shutdown by Dan Healing (feat. Dennis McConaghy), Global News, February 11, 2021

China oil giant CNOOC beats Canadians in oil sands emission cuts by Robert Tuttle (feat. Kevin Birn), BNN Bloomberg, February 10, 2021

Why GM’s switch to electric vehicles may be more important for the oilpatch than Keystone XL’s cancellation by Tony Seskus (feat. Brian Kingston), CBC News, February 10, 2021

Crude-by-rail stages comeback as oilsands production recovers – and grows by Chris Varcoe (feat. Kevin Birn), Calgary Herald, February 10, 2021

TransMountain expansion resumes after long shutdown by David Thurton (feat. Dennis McConaghy), CBC News, February 8, 2021

Why there's now a push to secure the future of Enbridge's Line 5 pipeline by Elise von Scheel (feat. Kelly Ogle), CBC, February 5, 2021

Argument for TMX ‘even stronger’ after KXL permit revoked: minister of natural resources by Stephanie Thomas (feat. Kevin Birn), CTV News, January 31, 2021

Kenney’s comments on Keystone XL won’t hobble Ottawa’s negotiations on other bilateral files, say experts by Palak Mangat (feat. Sarah Goldfeder), The Hill Times, January 29, 2021

‘It’s a big threat’: U.S. aims to shut down another cross-border pipeline – Line 5 to Ontario by Jesse Snyder (feat. Sarah Goldfeder), Kingston This Week, January 28, 2021

Analysts see hope in Biden executive order for B.C.-Washington trade and connections by Derrick Penner (feat. Laurie Trautman), Vancouver Sun, January 27, 2021

Trudeau government looks to continental energy strategy in wake of Keystone cancellation by Elise von Scheel (feat. Heidi Tworek), CBC News, January 27, 2021

Why China Plans to Place Its Super Offshore Oil Rig in a Disputed Sea by Ralph Jennings (feat. Stephen Nagy), VOA, January 25, 2021

Threats of a trade fight won’t work – only jobs offer a ‘faint hope’ for Keystone XL by Chris Varcoe (feat. Colin Robertson), Calgary Herald, January 23, 2021

How political symbolism brought down Keystone XL by Aaron Wherry (feat. Colin Robertson), CBC News, January 23, 2021

Trump’s legacy leaves Arctic with fewer environmental protections and more risk of conflict, say experts by John Last (feat. Rob Huebert and Andrea Charron), CBC News, January 21, 2021

Biden’s push for EV revolution is a ‘win’ for Canada: Policy Analyst by BNN Bloomberg (feat. Eric Miller), BNN Bloomberg, January 20, 2021

New US Arctic strategies ignore climate risks in focus on geopolitics, experts say by Melody Schreiber (feat. Tim Choi), Arctic Today, January 20, 2021

From Alberta’s oilsands to tariffs, how Biden’s presidency could change Canada by Graham Slaughter, Ryan Flanagan, and Rachel Aiello (feat. Sarah Goldfeder, Stephen Saideman, and Laurie Trautman), CTV News, January 20, 2021

Canada mounts final plea for Keystone XL, as prospects dim for Alberta’s investment by Chris Varcoe (feat. Colin Robertson), Calgary Herald, January 20, 2021

Biden’s plan to cancel Keystone pipeline signals a rocky start with Canada by Amanda Coletta (feat. Eric Miller), Washington Post, January 19, 2021

Alberta urges Trudeau to press Biden, save Keystone XL pipeline by Reuters (feat. Dennis McConaghy), BOE Report, January 19, 2021

Cancelled Keystone XL pipeline expansion won’t lessen oil dependency, experts say by The Canadian Press (feat. Dennis McConaghy), Toronto Star, January 18, 2021

An outright ‘No’: Biden Day 1 Keystone XL kibosh bodes ill for Canada-U.S. ties by James McCarten (feat. Eric Miller), CTV News, January 18, 2021

Biden indicates plans to cancel Keystone XL pipeline permit on 1st day in office, sources confirm by Kyle Bakx (feat. Dennis McConaghy), CBC News, January 17, 2021

Canada’s pipeline capacity woes slashed at least $14 billion from oil producers’ bottom line by Deborah Jaremko (feat. Kevin Birn), Energy Now, January 16, 2021

How the Keystone XL pipeline could – just maybe – find a path forward under Joe Biden by Tony Seskus (feat. Dennis McConaghy), CBC, January 12, 2021

Canadians’ appetite for climate action growing, but beware of polarization by Monica Gattinger, The Hill Times, January 7, 2021

Kenney pushes for Keystone XL, but acknowledges ‘significant writedown’ looms if Biden rejects pipeline by Chris Varcoe (feat. Kevin Birn), Calgary Herald, January 6, 2021

Alberta oil sands will be focused on financial discipline, free cash flow: IHS Markit by Kevin M. Baerson (feat. Kevin Birn), BNN Bloomberg, January 4, 2021

The Trans Mountain project faces a year of challenges and opportunities by David Thurton (feat. Dennis McConaghy), CBC, January 4, 2021

How the auto industry can help fight climate change by Brian Kingston, iPolitics, January 4, 2021


2020 Media Links

2019 Media Links

2018 Media Links

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China Seeks to Cement Ties in Europe

by Ralph Jennings (feat. Stephen Nagy), Voice of America, October 18, 2021

As Indo-Pacific strategies move forward, little known about Canada’s plans

by Bill Kelly (feat. Stephen Nagy), Global News Radio, October 18, 2021

Railroad venture boosts number of oil trains in Minnesota

by Mike Hughlett (feat. Kevin Birn), Star Tribune, October 17, 2021

As Indo-Pacific strategies move forward, little known about Canada’s plans

by Jeremy Nuttall (feat. Stephen Nagy), Toronto Star, October 16, 2021


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