POLICY PAPER: A New Way to Fly: Major challenges facing Air Force planners
over the next 20 years
POLICY PAPER: Canada, the Arctic Council, Greenpeace,and Arctic Oil
Drilling: Complicating an Already Complicated Picture
by George Macdonald
Macdonald examines the new challenges facing air force planners
over the next 20 years. Planners need to actively expand their
thinking to identify capabilities and gain the flexibility
necessary to respond to unexpected events. Balance will be key
in dealing with future challenges, made more difficult by a
finite defence budget, but adaptability will be essential.
Canada and the Arctic Council find themselves
facing one of their greatest challenges - supporting economic
development for people of the north while protecting the fragile
environment of the Arctic. 2014 will bring the possibility of
exploratory drilling for oil off the northern coasts of Russia,
the United States, Canada and Greenland. Opposition to
development is strongest in non-northern locations, and is
increasingly represented by environmental NGOs such as
Greenpeace. This issue, to develop or not to develop, is poised
to become the most divisive issue facing the Arctic states in
POLICY PAPER: Canada, Fragile States and the New Deal: Looking Beyond 2015
by David Carment and Yiagadeesen Samy
continue to determine what the post-2015 development agenda will
look like. This, argues Carment and Samy in a new Policy Paper,
gives Canada, along with other donors, the opportunity to
reassert their long-term commitments to fragile and conflict
affected states. The paper tackles how donor countries deal with
the idea of aid effectiveness in fragile states, including
endorsing the New Deal of Engagement in fragile states.
POLICY PAPER: Canada’s New Challenges Facing Terrorism at Home
POLICY PAPER: Grand, Bland or Somewhat Planned? Toward a
Canadian Strategy for the Indo-Pacific Region
by Michael G. Zekulin
A new policy paper addresses the attacks in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu and Ottawa that happened in October.
He concludes that these attacks demonstrate that Canada is not immune from terrorism, and it will become harder
to indentify and deter attacks in the future. A whole-of-government approach should be used to combat the
challenges posed by Islamic-inspiried terrorism in the short, medium and long-term.
by Patrick James
The School of
Public Policy at the University of Calgary, in partnership with
CDFAI, have released a new paper tackling the issue of what
Canada's strategy should be towards the Indo-Pacific region.
Author Patrick James, Dornsife Dean's Professor of International
Relations, and Director, Centre for International Studies,
University of Southern California argues that Canada has
historically been inattentive to the Asia-Pacific region and it
is time to determine the best way to engage with the region.
POLICY PAPER: Humanity's Best Hope: Increasing Diplomatic Capacity in Ten
In a new Policy Update,
Daryl Copeland investigates the current crisis diplomacy is
facing in both image and substance. He concludes that if
diplomatic capacity is to be increased, radical change will be
required. He identifies ten priority areas that foreign
ministries should address to implement effective reforms.
POLICY PAPER: Jihad versus R2P: The Future of Atrocity Prevention
by Kyle Matthews
ISIS has attracted the worlds attention over the past months, and with the international community banding
together to some extent in order to combat this threat, one issue is getting lost in the debate: our international
legal obligation to stop genocide and atrocities. A new policy paper argues that ISIS represents the intersection
between counter-terrorism and the Responsibility to Protect (R2P), and asks, does countering ISIS and jihadist
online propaganda and incitement to commit violence remain strictly a counter-terrorism issue, an R2P issues, or both?
POLICY PAPER: Letter from Constantinople
by Barry Cooper
Cooper reflects on Turkey's politics, economy and culture in a
new policy update. He concludes that Turkey has a lively civil
society along with increasing prosperity, and that the courage
of members of the Hizmet/Güllen movement have opened a public
space for greater discussion and critical analysis, which is one
reason why contemporary Turkey has so far avoided dictatorship.
POLICY PAPER: L’Indonésie, ce géant aux pieds d’argile
Ferry de Kerckhove
A new report from Ferry de Kerckhove investigates
Indonesia's ability to find unity in its diversity, but the
country is threatened by lack of political leadership, economic
disparity and weakening law enforcement. The country is eager to
reform, though and is making changes to its raw mineral export
process and prioritizing transportation infrastructure. Their
commitment to reform has also given Indonesia the ability to
play a larger role on the international scene with the G-20 and
POLICY PAPER: On Uncertain Ice: The Future of Arctic Shipping and the Northwest Passage
POLICY PAPER: Personal Privacy and Communications Security from the
Telegraph to the Internet
by Whitney Lackenbauer and Adam Lajeunesse
New research demonstrates that in spite of a general trend toward reduced ice coverage in the Arctic Basin,
environmental variability, scarce infrastructure and other navigational aids, and uncertain economics make it
unlikely that the Northwest Passage will emerge as a viable trans-shipping route in the foreseeable future.
Instead the Canadian government should focus on building capacity in the region to address a steady increase
in resource, resupply and tourist destinational shipping.
by John Ferris
A new paper from
John Ferris, Professor of history at the University of Calgary,
investigates the global history of communications security. He
concludes that the digital age and the introduction of the
internet have opened up both countries and individual persons to
attack on the cyber commons, leaving liberal democracies the
choice of where to define the boundaries of secrecy, privacy and
POLICY PAPER: Putting the Cart before the Horse: Why Canada Should not purchase the Mistral-Class Ships, for now
by Keshav Kelkar and Grégoire-François Legault
A new Policy Paper assesses the current state of the
Royal Canadian Navy, and the need to find replacement ships for its aging fleet. The Navy, the authors argue,
is facing a plethora of problems that are hindering the navy’s ability to complete core missions.
POLICY PAPER: Prioritizing Defence Industry Capabilities: Lessons for
Canada from Australia
by Craig Stone
A new Policy
Update, produced in partnership with the School of Public Policy
at the University of Calgary, argues that Canada has much to
learn from the Australian's on how to reform both its defence
procurement process and relationship with defence industry.
Craig Stone, Director of Academics with the Canadian Forces
College, examines Australia's approach to establishing a defence
industry policy with a set of Priority Industry Capabilities and
how that policy connects with military procurement in order to
identify those lessons that might be useful for Canada.
POLICY PAPER: Reflections on Re-Balancing the Attacker's Asymmetric
by Michael Locasto
The computer security
community is doomed to play a loosing game defending against
constant cyber attacks according to a new policy paper from
Michael Locasto, a professor with the computer science
department at the University of Calgary. Defenders against cyber
attack must work to predict and combat all potential assailants
while an attacker only has to successfully exploit a weakness
once. This problem is further compounded by the language barrier
between the computer security community and policy experts.
POLICY PAPER: Russia and Ukraine: The Zero-Sum Fallacy
A new policy paper by CDFAI Fellow Gary Soroka investigates
the current situation in Ukraine. It is commonplace to describe
political crises as complex, but the situation in Ukraine is
more complicated than most. He tackles the questions of what to
do about the Russian annexation of Crimea and aggressive
interference in eastern Ukraine, the challenge of how to best
support Ukraine`s political and economic development and how to
develop a coherent medium-to-long term strategy toward Russia.
POLICY PAPER: Something Has to Give: Why Delays Are the New Reality of Canada’s Defence Procurement Strategy
In the second edition of what will be an annual status report on selected
major Canadian defence acquisitions and initiatives, Elinor Sloan examines what
major defence acquisitions have been made and why; what progress has been made on
those acquisitions; and why stated and actual delivery dates differ. The report is designed to assess
the government's performance and help to hold the government accountable while assisting
high-level government policy-makers in their work.
POLICY PAPER: What Makes the Middle East Such a Difficult Place?
by Barry Cooper
A new Policy Paper from University of Calgary
Political Science Professor, Barry Cooper, examines the
particular configuration of pride and interest that prevents
political confrontation from being resolved in the Middle East.
The best example of this is the relationship between Israel and
Palestine. Historical, demographic, religious and geopolitical
reasons account for the political intractability of a
multi-decade conflict that has been punctuated from time to time
with insurgency and war. He concludes that there is nothing in
the current relationship that would indicate a resolution in the